Impact of Energy Storage on Economic Dispatch of Distribution Systems: A Multi-Parametric Linear Programming Approach and Its Implications

03 Jul 2020
Wei Wei, Danman Wu, Zhaojian Wang, Shengwei Mei, and João P. S. Catalão
Video Length / Slide Count:
Pages: 11
As a main flexible resource, energy storage helps smooth the volatility of renewable generation and reshape the load profile. This paper aims to characterize the impact of energy storage unit on the economic operation of distribution systems in a geometric manner that is convenient for visualization. Posed as a multi-parametric linear programming problem, the optimal operation cost is explicitly expressed as a convex piecewise linear function in the MW/MWh parameter of the energy storage unit. Based on duality theory, a dual linear programming based algorithm is proposed to calculate an approximate optimal value function (OVF) and critical regions, circumventing the difficulty of degeneracy, a common challenge in the existing multi-parametric linear programming solvers. When the uncertainty of renewable generation is considered, the expected OVF can be readily established based on OVFs in the individual scenarios, which is scalable in the number of scenarios. The OVF delivers abundant sensitivity information that is useful in energy storage sizing. Leveraging the OVFs, a robust stochastic optimization model is proposed to determine the optimal MW-MWh size of the storage unit subject to a given budget, which gives rise to a simple linear program. Case study provides a clear sketch of the outcome of the proposed method, and suggests that the optimal energy-power ratio of an energy storage unit is between 5 and 6 from the economical perspective.

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