Distributed Mixed Voltage Angle and Frequency Droop Control of Microgrid Interconnections With Loss of Distribution-PMU Measurements
28 Dec 2020
S. Sivaranjani, Etika Agarwal, Vijay Gupta, Panos Antsaklis, and Le Xie
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Recent advances in distribution-level phasor measurement unit (D-PMU) technology have enabled the use of voltage phase angle measurements for direct load sharing control in distribution-level microgrid interconnections with high penetration of renewable distributed energy resources (DERs). In particular, D-PMU enabled voltage angle droop control has the potential to enhance stability and transient performance in such microgrid interconnections. However, these angle droop control designs are vulnerable to D-PMU angle measurement losses that frequently occur due to the unavailability of a global positioning system (GPS) signal for synchronization. In the event of such measurement losses, angle droop controlled microgrid interconnections may suffer from poor performance and potentially lose stability. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed mixed voltage angle and frequency droop control (D-MAFD) framework to improve the reliability of angle droop controlled microgrid interconnections. In this framework, when the D-PMU phase angle measurement is lost at a microgrid, conventional frequency droop control is temporarily used for primary control in place of angle droop control to guarantee stability. We model the microgrid interconnection with this primary control architecture as a nonlinear switched system and design distributed secondary controllers to guarantee stability of the network. Further, we incorporate performance specifications such as robustness to generation-load mismatch and network topology changes in the distributed control design. We demonstrate the performance of this control framework by simulation on a test 123-feeder distribution network.