Using Differential Geometry to Revisit the Paradoxes of the Instantaneous Frequency

28 Jun 2022
Federico Milano, Georgios Tzounas, Ioannis Dassios, Mohammed Ahsan Adib Murad, and Taulant K�r�i
Video Length / Slide Count:
Pages: 13
This paper proposes a general framework to interpret the concept of Instantaneous Frequency (IF) in three-phase systems. The paper first recalls the conventional frequency-domain analysis based on the Fourier transform as well as the definition of IF which is based on the concept of analytic signals. The link between analytic signals and Clarke transform of three-phase voltages of an ac power system is also shown. Then the well-known five paradoxes of the IF are stated. In the second part of the paper, an approach based on a geometric interpretation of the frequency is proposed. This approach serves to revisit the five IF paradoxes and explain them through a common framework. The case study illustrates the features of the proposed framework based on a variety of examples and on a detailed model of the IEEE 39-bus system.

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