Luise Middelhauve, Cédric Terrier, and François Maréchal
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In light of the energy transition, it becomes a widespread solution to decentralize and to decarbonize energy systems. However, limited transformer capacities are a hurdle for large-scale integration of solar energy in the electricity grid. The aim of this paper is to define a novel concept of renewable energy hubs and to optimize its design strategy at the district scale in an appropriate computational time. To overcome runtime issues, the Dantzig–Wolfe decomposition method is applied to a mixed-integer linear programming framework of the renewable energy hub. Distributed energy units as well as centralized district units are considered. In addition, a method to perform multi-objective optimization as well as respecting district grid constraints in the decomposition algorithm is presented. The decomposed formulation leads to a convergence below 20 min for 31 buildings and a mip gap lower than 0.2%. The centralized design enhances the photovoltaic penetration in the energy mix and reduces the global warming potential and necessary curtailment in order to respect transformer capacity constraints.